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The 20 Largest China Train Stations

by Matt Slater December 05, 2017

The 20 Largest China Train Stations

In recent years a myriad of huge China train stations have been built to complement the development of China's new high speed rail network.

Whilst much of the focus goes on the newly opened lines and their train speeds, it is often overlooked that a huge number of impressive railway stations have been constructed and refurbished, from single line commuter stations to cavernous city terminals.

In this article we introduce the largest China train stations which can be found across this vast nation.

Development of China Train Stations

China has had a substantial railway network for many years, but it is only with the development of high speed rail in the last decade that their massive stadium-sized train stations have emerged.

To complement the astonishing 22,000km of high speed rail lines built, vast numbers of purpose built train stations have been constructed. Many of these train stations are so large that it makes more sense to compare them to airports, such is their scale.

Remarkably, each of the 20 largest China train stations have either been comprehensively refurbished or newly built in the last ten years.

Where the Largest China Train Stations are Located

As you'd expect, some of China's largest stations are located in the big cities such as Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, but there are also a surprising number of stations in less well-known cities that have made this list.

These are distributed widely across the country as can be seen from this map:

20 Largest China Train Stations

Before we could prepare this article we first had to decide how to define "largest". Many of these stations are really new so it was difficult to find data on the number of passengers or total station area.

What we were able to determine though was the number of platforms at each station, and using this measure the largest China train station is Xi'an North which has 34!

Here are the 20 largest China train stations in order of number of platforms:

1. Xi'an North Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 34
  • Chinese name: 西安北站 (Xī Ān Běi Zhàn)
  • Province: Shaanxi
  • Opened in: 2011
  • Connects with: Xi'an Metro Line 2

Historically the eastern starting point of the Silk Road, perhaps it is only appropriate that in the age of 'One Road, One Belt' Xi'an plays home to China's largest train station.

2. Zhengzhou East Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 32
  • Chinese name: 郑州东站 (Zhèng Zhōu Dōng Zhàn)
  • Province: Henan
  • Opened in: 2012
  • Connects with: Zhengzhou Metro Line 1

In July 2008 when I travelled from Shanghai to Zhengzhou the only option was an overnight sleeper train. That same journey today can be done in just 4 hours.

3= Shanghai Hongqiao Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 30
  • Chinese name: 上海虹桥站 (Shàng Hǎi Hóng Qiáo Zhàn)
  • Province: Shanghai City 
  • Opened in: 2010
  • Connects with: Shanghai Metro Line 2 & Line 10 and Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport

Connected to one of China's most useful airports, Shanghai's Hongqiao train station is a massive facility with services to all over the country.

I have regularly visited the station for many years and it's sheer size never fails to impress. The photo above was taken in 2015 whilst waiting for my train in the station's upstairs food court, which can be a good place to wait to get away from the crowds.

3= Kunming South Railway Station

Kunming Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 30
  • Chinese name: 昆明南站 (Kūn Míng Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Yunnan
  • Opened in: 2016
  • Connects with: Kunming Metro Line 1

Kunming is the capital of South West China's Yunnan province and is considered the gateway for southern neighbours Vietnam, Laos & Myanmar.

With construction underway on multiple sections of the proposed Kunming-Singapore railway it is hoped that one day a train trip between the cities might take just 10 hours.

5= Guangzhou South Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 28
  • Chinese name: 广州南站 (Guǎng Zhōu Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Guangdong
  • Opened in: 2010
  • Connects with: Guangzhou Metro Line 2 & Line 7

The largest of Guangzhou's four main train stations, Guangzhou South Station serves lines to both Hong Kong and Beijing.

5= Nanjing South Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 28
  • Chinese name: 南京南站 (Nán Jīng Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Jiangsu
  • Opened in: 2011
  • Connects with: Nanjing Metro Line 1 & Line 3 & Line S1

I travelled to Nanjing South Railway station in 2015 whilst visiting Nanjing for an audit and took the above photo. It is a truly massive train station.

5= Hangzhou East Railway Station

Hangzhou East Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 28
  • Chinese name: 杭州东站 (Háng Zhōu Dōng Zhàn)
  • Province: Zhejiang
  • Opened in: 1992 (former), 2013 (current)
  • Connects with: Hangzhou Metro Line 1 & Line 4

The above photo was taken when I visited Hangzhou in 2013. With pink neon lighting throughout both its interior and exterior this station certainly made an impression!

5= Guiyang North Railway Station

 Guiyang North Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 28
  • Chinese name: 贵阳北站 (Guì Yáng Běi Zhàn)
  • Province: Guizhou
  • Opened in: 2014
  • Connects with: Guiyang BRT

Located in one of China's less developed and remote provinces I was a little surprised to see Guiyang's North station make this list, but this 2014 built station houses an incredible 28 platforms.

9= Chengdu East Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 26
  • Chinese name: 成都东站 (Chéng Dū Dōng Zhàn)
  • Province: Sichuan
  • Opened in: 2011
  • Connects with: Chengdu Metro Line 2

Home of the Panda and China's spiciest hotpot Chengdu is a fantastic city for tourism. With the recent completion of the Chengdu to Xi'an high speed rail line this station is sure to look busier than when the above photo was taken!

9= Chongqing North Railway Station

Chongqing North Station

  • No. of Platforms: 26
  • Chinese name: 重庆北站 (Chóng Qìng Běi Zhàn)
  • Province: Chongqing City
  • Opened in: 2006
  • Connects with: Chongqing Metro Line 3

Chongqing is one of the world's largest municipalities and is a spectacular city built on hilly terrain. 

11= Beijing South Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 24
  • Chinese name: 北京南站 (Běi Jīng Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Beijing City 
  • Opened in: 1897 (former), 2008 (current)
  • Connects with: Beijing Metro Line 4 & Line 14

If the above photo looks a little old, that is because it is. I took this photo in 2009 when Beijing South Railway Station was my destination for my first China high speed rail trip on the Shanghai to Beijing line.

11= Tianjin West Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 24
  • Chinese name: 天津西站 (Tiān Jīn Xī Zhàn)
  • Province: Tianjin City 
  • Opened in: 1910 (former), 2011 (current)
  • Connects with: Tianjin Metro Line 1 & Line 6

Tianjin is a pleasant city just a short 30 minute HSR trip away from Beijing and with such an arrival point the journey might be worth making just to see this station.

11= Changsha South Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 24
  • Chinese name: 长沙南站 (Cháng Shā Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Hunan
  • Opened in: 2009
  • Connects with: Changsha Metro Line 2 and Changsha Maglev

Capital of Hunan province, Changsha is conveniently located on both the Beijing - Guangzhou and Shanghai - Kunming train lines. 

11= Shijiazhuang Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 24
  • Chinese name: 石家庄站 (Shí Jiā Zhuāng Zhàn)
  • Province: Hebei
  • Opened in: 2012
  • Connects with: Shijiazhuang Metro Line 3

The busiest train station in Hebei province, Shijiazhuang Station is also located very close to the center of Shijiazhuang meaning extensive tunneling was required to build the station.

11= Lanzhou West Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 24
  • Chinese name: 兰州西站 (Lán Zhōu Xī Zhàn)
  • Province: Gansu
  • Opened in: 1953 (former), 2014 (current)

Lanzhou is a city more closely associated with their delicious noodles than being a transportation hub, but with this incredible train station and the city's current construction of a metro system times are changing.

16= Hefei South Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 22
  • Chinese name: 合肥南站 (Hé Féi Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Anhui
  • Opened in: 2014
  • Connects with: Hefei Metro Line 1

Capital of Anhui province, Hefei is a surprisingly well connected city and sits on both the Beijing-Shanghai and Shanghai-Chengdu lines.

16= Nanchang West Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 22
  • Chinese name: 南昌西站 (Nán Chāng Xī Zhàn)
  • Province: Jiangxi
  • Opened in: 2013
  • Connects with: Nanchang Metro Line 2

I visited Nanchang with my wife by train in December 2015, and despite some bad weather we really enjoyed our stay. 

With trains making the 600+ km trip in just 3 hours, it is a good place to go for a weekend visit from Shanghai.

16= Shenyang South Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 22
  • Chinese name: 沈阳南站 (Shěn Yáng Nán Zhàn)
  • Province: Liaoning
  • Opened in: 2015

The most northerly train station in our top 20, Shenyang South Railway Station is located in the capital city of Liaoning province.

19= Shenzhen North Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 20
  • Chinese name: 深圳北站 (Shēn Zhèn Běi Zhàn)
  • Province: Guangdong
  • Opened in: 2011
  • Connects with: Shenzhen Metro Line 4 & Line 5

Shenzhen is another city with many large train stations, but none are larger than their North station.

I took this photo whilst visiting the city in 2016 but the image doesn't really do justice to just how large the station is.

19= Wuhan Railway Station

  • No. of Platforms: 20
  • Chinese name: 武汉站 (Wǔ Hàn Zhàn)
  • Province: Hubei
  • Opened in: 2009
  • Connects with: Wuhan Metro Line 4

The spectacular open design of this station really captures the imagination. 




Matt Slater
Matt Slater

Author

Hi there, I'm a British-Australian Engineer and Entrepreneur, based in Brisbane, Australia.

Frustrated by the scarcity of concise, high-quality and timely information about Chinese companies, I founded China Checkup whilst living in Shanghai in 2013.
My team are proud that China Checkup's company verification reports have now helped thousands of clients from all corners of the world to do business in China safely.

Connect with me:
info@chinacheckup.com LinkedIn profile

 


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