Opinions, knowledge and resources from China Checkup's expert contributors

The 8 Busiest China Shipping Ports

by Matt Slater December 22, 2016

The 8 Busiest China Shipping Ports

With so many products being made in China it comes as no surprise that China shipping ports are among the busiest in the world.

We've looked up the figures, and in this article present the 8 China shipping ports which handle the most shipping containers.

Incredibly, 8 of the world's 17 busiest ports are in China, and if you include Hong Kong and Taiwan that number rises to 10!

Busiest Mainland China Shipping Ports

Based on container shipping, the 8 busiest Mainland China shipping ports are each located over a long section of China's east coast stretching from Shenzhen in the South to Dalian in the North.

Of these, 7 ports are located in coastal cities, whilst the Port of Guangzhou is further inland at the confluence of 3 major rivers.

In order, starting with the busiest, these China shipping ports are introduced below:

1. Port of Shanghai

Port of Shanghai

  • Includes: Yangshan Deep Water Port & Waigaoqiao Shipping Terminals
  • Operator: Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd.
  • Website: www.portshanghai.com.cn

In 2010 Port of Shanghai overtook Port of Singapore to become the world's busiest container port.

Now handling over 35 million TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit) containers per year, Port of Shanghai continues to grow with more plans afoot to increase capacity.

Port of Shanghai is comprised of the gigantic Yangshan Deep-Water port - which is on an island connected to the Mainland by a 32km sea bridge - and a series of ports at the mouths of the Yangtze and Huangpu rivers.

The image above was taken by me on a visit to Yangshan Deep-Water port in 2012 - it wasn't a very clear day, but the port literally stretched to as far as the eye could see!

2. Port of Shenzhen

  • Includes: Yantian Port, Chiwan Port, Dachan Bay Port, Shekou Port
  • Operator: Various (including Shenzhen Yantian Port Holdings and Shenzhen Chiwan Wharf Holdings)
  • Website: Various (including www.yantian-port.com and www.szcwf.com)

The name "Port of Shenzhen" is a collective term for the multitude of ports located in Shenzhen City, Guangdong - an area increasingly renowned for its high-tech industry.

The many ports are often geographically labelled as "East Port" or "West Port" depending on which side of the Kowloon Peninsula they sit.

"West Port" refers to a cluster of busy ports including "Chiwan", "Dachan Bay" & "Shekou", whilst the "East Port" is dominated by Shenzhen's busiest port "Yantian".

3. Port of Ningbo

Port of Ningbo

  • Includes: Beilun Port & Zhenhai Port
  • Operator: Ningbo Zhoushan Port Group Co., Ltd.
  • Website: www.portnbzs.com.cn

Officially called the Port of Ningbo-Zhoushan since the merger of Ningbo and Zhuoshan ports in 2006, Port of Ningbo is located in Zhejiang province, approximately 150km south of Shanghai.

Port of Ningbo's infrastructure include a huge crude oil terminal and ore loading berth which actually contribute to it being the world's busiest port in terms of cargo tonnage, although it handles far fewer shipping containers then Shanghai and Shenzhen.

Although the operator's website is only available in Chinese, it includes some nice photos of their facilities, including the image above.

4. Port of Qingdao

Tsingtao Logo
Tsingtao beer logo
  • Includes: Dagang Port Area & Qianwan Container Terminal
  • Operator: Qingdao Port (Group) Co., Ltd.
  • Website: www.qdport.com

Famous for their beer production (you may recognize the Tsingtao logo), Qingdao is also a major port city located in Shandong province

Shandong is one of the powerhouses of China's economy with a GDP output only narrowly behind those of Guangdong and Jiangsu provinces.

5. Port of Guangzhou

Humen Bridge

  • Includes: Nansha Terminal, Xinsha Port Area, Huangpu Port Area, Downtown Port Area
  • Operator: Guangzhou Port Group Co., Ltd. 
  • Website: www.gzpgroup.com

Located approximately 150km northwest of Hong Kong, Guangzhou is the only place in our list which isn't considered to be a coastal city.

Positioned at the confluence of the Dongjiang, Xijiang and Beijiang rivers, Port of Guangzhou is the main port in the Pearl River Delta region.

I took the photo above in 2016 from a hotel at Nansha port which is in the very south of Guangzhou. The majority of ships going to Port of Guangzhou need to pass under this bridge which is a key piece of road infrastructure linking Foshan and Dongguan.

    6. Port of Tianjin

    • Includes: North Port, South Port & East Port
    • Operator: Tianjin Port (Group) Co., Ltd.
    • Website: www.ptacn.com

    Located just 150km southeast of Beijing, Tianjin is one of China's 4 municipalities alongside Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing itself.

    The Port of Tianjin made international headlines in 2015 when a series of huge explosions triggered by poor chemical storage measures caused widespread damage and loss of life.

    7. Port of Dalian

    • Includes: Dayaowan Port
    • Operator: Dalian Port Group Co., Ltd.
    • Website: www.portdalian.com

    The most northerly of the 8 ports in this list, Port of Dalian is located in Liaoning province, which shares a border with North Korea. It is also China's most northerly ice-free port.

    Dalian serves as the major port for the North East region of China and was always destined to be a port city with it's prominent location on the tip of the Liaodong peninsula.

    Despite being an "ice-free port" I found the city to be bitterly cold during a visit in February 2012!

    8. Port of Xiamen

    Xiamen

    • Includes: Haicang Port Area & Dongdu Port Area
    • Operator: Xiamen Port Holding Group
    • Website: www.xpgco.com.cn

    Located in Fujian province, the beautiful city of Xiamen is a major port which handles a lot of the trade between Mainland China and nearby Taiwan.

    Spread out over a large region, Port of Xiamen comprises of 12 different areas - including the port of Zhangzhou since 2010 - featuring both river and deep-water facilities.

    Visitors to Xiamen's famous Gulangyu island can take a ferry around the island which passes by many ports and huge container ships.

    Other Busy Chinese Shipping Ports

    In addition to the 8 busiest ports in Mainland China, there are 2 more Chinese ports which handle a very significant amount of cargo.

    These are located in Hong Kong and the city of Kaohsiung in Taiwan respectively.

    Port of Hong Kong

    Port of Hong Kong

    The world's busiest container port as recently as 2004, Port of Hong Kong has in recent years seen its volume of shipping trade fall behind first Singapore, then in more recent year Shanghai and Shenzhen.

    Despite this Port of Hong Kong remains an extremely port for trade with South East Asia and is considered to be the gateway to Mainland China.

    There are 9 container terminals at Port of Hong Kong which are operated by 5 shipping companies and plans are afoot to build a tenth.

    Port of Kaohsiung

    Port of Kaohsiung

    • Includes: Zhongxing Terminal
    • Operator: Taiwan International Ports Corporation Ltd., Kaohsiung Branch
    • Website: kh.twport.com.tw

    Taiwan's second city and biggest port, Kaohsiung is located in the southwest of the island.

    Handling over 10 million TEU per year, Port of Kaohsiung would rank just above Port of Dalian if included in the main list.

    The image above was taken from the top of Kaohsiung's tallest building, the 85 Sky Tower, during my visit in 2011.




    Matt Slater
    Matt Slater

    Author

    Hi there, I'm a British-Australian Engineer and Entrepreneur, based in Brisbane, Australia.

    Frustrated by the scarcity of concise, high-quality and timely information about Chinese companies, I founded China Checkup whilst living in Shanghai in 2013.
    My team are proud that China Checkup's company verification reports have now helped thousands of clients from all corners of the world to do business in China safely.

    Connect with me: info@chinacheckup.com | LinkedIn profile

     


    Related Articles

    5 Key Features of Chinese Company Names
    5 Key Features of Chinese Company Names

    Nearly all Chinese company names follow standard patterns and by just reading a company’s name and understanding these 5 key features you can already learn quite a lot about them. For example, where they are registered, what they do (in a broad se...

    How to Identify a China Certificate Without Knowing Chinese
    How to Identify a China Certificate Without Knowing Chinese

    Doing business in China can be a very complex and overwhelming process, especially when you receive what you are told is a critical China certificate but are unable to read Chinese. Most of the really important certificates you should understand a...

    China Company Relationships - Branch, Subsidiary and More
    China Company Relationships - Branch, Subsidiary and More

    The subject of China company relationships is a recurring theme at China Checkup. Many clients contact us because they thought they were doing business with Company A, but were then asked to make a payment to Company B. When doing business in Chin...



    Also in Safer, Better Business in China

    Alibaba Ecommerce Platforms - An Overview
    Alibaba Ecommerce Platforms - An Overview

    by Matt Slater July 18, 2017

    Apart from the ubiquitous sourcing b2b platform alibaba.com, do you know any of the other Alibaba ecommerce platforms?

    This article gives an overview of the Alibaba ecommerce platforms, most of which are aimed squarely at China's domestic market - notably the country's largest online marketplace Taobao.

    Continue Reading

    6 Data Sources for China Market Research
    6 Data Sources for China Market Research

    by Matt Slater July 11, 2017

    Conducting China market research can be very challenging for foreign companies, due to the shortage of reliable information available in the English language.

    From researching many topics for our articles, we have however found some websites which we go back to time and again, and decided it would be a good idea to share these with our readers.

    Continue Reading

    China Laboratory Accreditation Certificate - An Introduction
    China Laboratory Accreditation Certificate - An Introduction

    by Matt Slater March 09, 2017

    Although many factory's have their own laboratories, few of these are independently certified so requesting testing by external testing body is a wise move in many circumstances.

    These testing bodies should be accredited and you can make sure of this by requesting a copy of their China laboratory accreditation certificate.

    Continue Reading