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by Matt Slater
12 July 2018
The first China high-tech zone was established in Beijing in 1988 at Zhongguancun Science Park.
Since then the number of national-level high-tech zones has increased rapidly and there are currently 169 zones located in 31 provinces.
As well as giving an overview, in this article we list and provide details of these China high-tech zones, including their focus industries and official websites.
In China the term "high-tech zone" (高新区) usually refers to a "National-Level High-Tech Industry Development Zone" (国家高新技术产业开发区).
These are the China high-tech zones which are approved by the State Council and supported by the national government.
Companies located in these zones not only benefit from better infrastructure and access to talent, but can also receive special incentives such as lower tax rates.
The first China high-tech zone was established in Beijing in 1988 and is called Zhongguan Science Park.
However, it was during the early 1990's that the network of national-level high-tech zones was greatly expanded with 26 new zones created in 1991 and another 25 in 1992.
A subsequent expansion during the 2010's has seen a further 100+ high-tech zones being established, bringing the total today to 169.
No. It is difficult to compile statistics, but from our research we understand the number of high-tech zones that don't have national-approval far exceed those that do.
Seen by local governments across the country as a useful tool for developing industries, there are many high-tech zones which have been setup locally and don't have national-level approval.
Take Zhejiang province as an example - the Zhejiang Science and Technology Agency reports that there are 27 provincial-level high-tech zones in addition to their 8 national-level zones.
Although the majority of China high-tech zones are simply named after their location plus the text "High-Tech Industry Development Zones", there are some variations.
Here are all the different park types:
The 3 "torch high-tech zones" (in Xiamen, Weihai & Zhongshan) were each co-founded by local government together with China’s Science and Technology Commission.
Interestingly, the only "Industrial Park" - the Suzhou Industrial Park - was set up as a joint venture with the Singapore government. It went on to become a cautionary tale in the difficulties of working with Chinese partners, as the Suzhou government, a minor shareholder, chose to create a rival high-tech zone and pour their resources into it instead!
Even though each high-tech zone has their focus industries, some zones have been established specifically to cater for a certain industry. These are:
Rare Earth (稀土)
Vanadium & Titanium (钒钛)
This map gives the location of each of the 169 National-Level High-Tech Industry Development Zones in China.
Each point is numbered to correspond with the table below.
(Note that some locations are approximate only.)
Identify and get more details on each of China's 169 National-Level High-Tech Industry Development Zones here:
Hi there, I'm Matt, the Founder & CEO of China Checkup. Originally from the UK, I am now based in Brisbane, Australia.
Frustrated by the scarcity of concise, high-quality and timely information about Chinese companies, I setup China Checkup whilst living in Shanghai in 2013.
My team are proud that China Checkup's company verification reports have now helped thousands of clients from all corners of the world to do business in China more safely.
by Matt Slater
26 October 2020
The China company operating period is usually represented by two dates, which are specified on a Chinese business license.
It is the span between the date of incorporation - the first of these dates - and the expiry date of the company's registration - the second.
In some cases, a China company operating period may be open-ended meaning no specific expiry date is specified. Learn more about this here.
by Matt Slater
18 May 2020
This article takes a look at the 6 different China city types and the various levels of autonomy and power each type holds.
China has over 700 official cities, from the metropolises of Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong down to the smaller cities of Beihai, Shangrao and Qufu, but they are not all governed equally.
Read this guide if you want to understand the difference between China city types, including municipalities, prefecture-level cities, county-level cities and more.
by Matt Slater
30 January 2020
Launched by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, the decades long process of Chinese economic reform has transformed China beyond recognition.
This article highlights some of the most significant events during this period in the form of a year by year timeline.
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