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In recent years freight trains from China have been capturing newspaper headlines by arriving in more and more countries.
Perhaps there is no more striking example of this then when the first China to Spain cargo train returned to Yiwu having covered a world record 16,156-mile round trip in 2015.
Read this article to learn about China's push for international rail cargo and find our which countries have already received freight trains from China.
If you live anywhere in Europe, Central Asia or somewhere in between, the answer is more than likely yes!
In little more than a decade China built a hugely impressive domestic high speed rail network, with lightning-fast bullet trains and colossal train stations.
Now they are making huge strides in expanding their rail freight network internationally under their much vaunted 'One Road, One Belt' project.
Thanks to new infrastructure, international cooperation and generous Chinese subsidies, the railway container traffic from China to Europe increased almost tenfold from 25,000 TEU (Twenty-Foot Equivalent Unit) in 2014 to 240,000 TEU in 2017.
Well actually, no. As this article in RailJournal.com explains:
"There are no freight trains from China to Europe," was the somewhat surprising opening statement by Mr Ewe Leuschner, senior vice-president, business development Eurasia, with DB Cargo. He went on to explain that there are three independent groups of rail freight services: China on standard gauge, the 1520mm-gauge network covering Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Russia and parts of Eastern Europe, and standard gauge in the rest of Europe.
China is the driving force behind putting in place the infrastructure improvements and international agreements that are opening up these rail routes. And, significantly, they are providing the subsidies that encourage companies to use them.
However the freight itself is transferred between different trains on different lines at different sections of its journey west.
China sees rail as a viable alternative to costly air freight and slow sea freight, for transporting their wares to markets in Asia and Europe.
By reinventing the ancient Silk Road as a modern overland rail cargo route China plans to develop inland parts of the country located far from the coastal sea ports. Included in this is the establishment of many inland free trade zones.
These efforts are already starting to have a big effect, especially for high tech manufacturers in Chengdu, Chongqing and Zhengzhou who can now get their products to Europe in ~15 days by rail rather than ~45 days by sea.
The below map identifies countries where China freight trains either travel to or stop at en route to their destination.
We have identified that each of the below countries have received freight trains from China in recent years.
Note that not all countries have regular scheduled services, but at least have a documented case of receiving a freight train from China.
The following table identifies countries with international freight train services from China, starting with the closest - North Korea - and concluding with the country furthest away, Spain.
Distance from Beijing
(to Capital City)
Time Zones Difference
|North Korea||Pyongyang||809 km||+1 hour||Link|
|Mongolia||Ulaanbaatar||1169 km||Same Time Zone||Link|
|Vietnam||Hanoi||2332 km||-1 hour||Link|
|Kyrgyzstan||Bishkek||3474 km||-2 hours||Link|
|Kazakhstan||Astana||3655 km||-2 hours||Link|
|Pakistan||Islamabad||3888 km||-3 hours||Link|
|Uzbekistan||Tashkent||3940 km||-3 hours||Link|
|Tajikistan||Dushanbe||4060 km||-3 hours||Link|
|Afghanistan||Kabul||4177 km||-3.5 hours||Link|
|Turkmenistan||Ashgabat||4943 km||-3 hours||Link|
|Azerbaijan||Baku||5554 km||-4 hours||Link|
|Iran||Tehran||5610 km||-4.5 hours||Link|
|Russia||Moscow||5800 km||-5 hours||Link|
|Georgia||Tbilisi||5852 km||-4 hours||Link|
|Finland||Helsinki||6329 km||-6 hours||Link|
|Estonia||Tallinn||6372 km||-6 hours||Link|
|Ukraine||Kiev||6458 km||-6 hours||Link|
|Belarus||Minsk||6475 km||-5 hours||Link|
|Latvia||Riga||6524 km||-6 hours||Link|
|Lithuania||Vilnius||6570 km||-6 hours||Link|
|Sweden||Stockholm||6716 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Turkey||Ankara||6841 km||-6 hours||Link|
|Poland||Warsaw||6948 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Norway||Oslo||7032 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Hungary||Budapest||7349 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Germany||Berlin||7366 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Slovakia||Bratislava||7428 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Czech Republic||Prague||7464 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Austria||Vienna||7469 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||7831 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Belgium||Brussels||7971 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Italy||Rome||8134 km||-7 hours||Link|
|United Kingdom||London||8150 km||-8 hours||Link|
|France||Paris||8226 km||-7 hours||Link|
|Spain||Madrid||9233 km||-7 hours||Link|
The main freight route currently under construction is the ambitious project to link China to Singapore through the Malay Peninsula.
Known as the Kunming-Singapore railway, if and when completed, this project will lead to freight trains from China also heading to each of the following South East Asia countries:
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Keep reading to find out about the various Chinese terms used to describe a company's registration status and get our English translations.
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We regularly see cases where Chinese suppliers request payments to individual accounts, third parties, offshore accounts and offshore entities, rather than to their own Mainland Chinese corporate bank accounts.
Before sending a China T/T payment, pause and take a moment to make these 4 simple checks - they will help you ensure your payment is really going to the correct Mainland China entity.
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