August 2019

The 100 Largest China City Economies by GDP

Do you want to know which China city economies are the driving force behind Mainland China's huge and growing GDP figures? 

As China's best-known cities, it came as no surprise that 2019 data popular in Chinese media identified Shanghai and Beijing as the cities with the largest GDP, but few will even have heard of Xinyang, which was ranked 100th.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, China's national GDP reached a new high of CNY 90,031bn (USD 13,608bn) in 2018, but which other Chinese cities had the largest share of this GDP? Keep reading to find out. 

Background on China City GDP Data

In August 2019 a report was released by the Guangzhou-based 21st Century Business Herald (21世纪经济报道) sharing data compiled by their "21 Data News Laboratory" (21数据新闻实验室) which listed the 100 Mainland China cities with the strongest economies. 

The report was widely reproduced throughout Chinese media as curious citizens were keen to see how their hometown ranked.

The data in this article is based on this original report by 21st Century Business Herald and refers only to cities in Mainland China, i.e. excludes Hong Kong, Macau & cities in Taiwan.

Bear in mind that due to the way China is administered, the GDP data for each city includes the contribution of counties and towns that fall under their jurisdiction, not just their own districts. This can skew results quite markedly for some cities with a large administrative area, such as Chongqing.

Map of 100 Largest China City Economies

To better illustrate where the largest China city economies are located, we plotted each of the top 100 cities on a map.

The cities represented by black dots each have economies ranked in China's top 25 and are mainly clustered around China's east coast. The darker the dot, the larger the economy.

Each point represents a Chinese city with darker shades representing larger cities. You can identify the different ranks based on the below color code:

Top 25 GDP Cities  |   Cities Ranked 26-50  |   Cities Ranked 51-75 |   Cities Ranked 75-100 


List of 100 Largest China City Economies

Here is a full list of the 100 China city economies with the largest GDP based on self-reported data from the first half of 2019.

There is a close correlation between Chinese city economies and China city tiers. Indeed the country's four 1st tier cities (Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou & Shenzhen) are also the four largest China city economies by GDP.

RankCityName in ChineseGDP (2019, Q1-Q2 data)Province1Shanghai上海CNY 1641bnShanghai Municipality2Beijing北京CNY 1521bnBeijing Municipality3Shenzhen深圳CNY 1213bnGuangdong4Guangzhou广州CNY 1176bnGuangdong5Tianjin天津CNY 1037bnTianjin Municipality6Chongqing重庆CNY 1033bnChongqing Municipality7Suzhou苏州CNY 955bnJiangsu8Chengdu成都CNY 770bnSichuan9Wuhan武汉CNY 748bnHubei10Hangzhou杭州CNY 695bnZhejiang11Nanjing南京CNY 674bnJiangsu12Qingdao青岛CNY 655bnShandong13Wuxi无锡CNY 596bnJiangsu14Changsha长沙CNY 554bnHunan15Ningbo宁波CNY 542bnZhejiang16Zhengzhou郑州CNY 511bnHenan17Foshan佛山CNY 480bnGuangdong18Jinan济南CNY 479bnShandong19Nantong南通CNY 458bnJiangsu20Dongguan东莞CNY 422bnGuangdong21Yantai烟台CNY 417bnShandong22Xi'an西安CNY 414bnShaanxi23Quanzhou泉州CNY 401bnFujian24Changzhou常州CNY 377bnJiangsu25Hefei合肥CNY 375bnAnhui26Dalian大连CNY 367bnLiaoning27Xuzhou徐州CNY 354bnJiangsu28Fuzhou福州CNY 353bnFujian29Tangshan唐山CNY 339bnHebei30Weifang潍坊CNY 338bnShandong31Shijiazhuang石家庄CNY 316bnHebei32Changchun长春Not reported*Jilin33Wenzhou温州CNY 296bnZhejiang34Yancheng盐城CNY 289bnJiangsu35Yangzhou扬州CNY 280bnJiangsu36Shaoxing绍兴CNY 274bnZhejiang37Taizhou泰州CNY 273bnJiangsu38Harbin哈尔滨CNY 272bnHeilongjiang39Shenyang沈阳Not reported*Liaoning40Zibo淄博CNY 266bnShandong41Nanchang南昌CNY 264bnJiangxi42Jining济宁CNY 257bnShandong43Linyi临沂CNY 251bnShandong44Kunming昆明CNY 236bnYunnan45Jiaxing嘉兴CNY 232bnZhejiang46Luoyang洛阳CNY 232bnHenan47Xiamen厦门CNY 231bnFujian48Taizhou台州CNY 226bnZhejiang49Zhenjiang镇江CNY 222bnJiangsu50Jinhua金华CNY 211bnZhejiang51Huizhou惠州CNY 209bnGuangdong52Yichang宜昌CNY 208bnHubei53Xiangyang襄阳CNY 206bnHubei54Tai'an泰安CNY 205bnShandong55Ordos鄂尔多斯CNY 197bnInner Mongolia56Huai'an淮安CNY 196bnJiangsu57Dongying东营CNY 195bnShandong58Taiyuan太原CNY 195bnShanxi59Zhongshan中山CNY 191bnGuangdong60Yulin榆林CNY 185bnShaanxi61Weihai威海CNY 185bnShandong62Dezhou德州CNY 182bnShandong63Nanning南宁CNY 182bnGuangxi64Cangzhou沧州CNY 181bnHebei65Guiyang贵阳CNY 179bnGuizhou66Zhangzhou漳州CNY 178bnFujian67Nanyang南阳CNY 177bnHenan68Liaocheng聊城CNY 173bnShandong69Heze菏泽CNY 171bnShandong70Wuhu芜湖CNY 169bnAnhui71Handan邯郸CNY 168bnHebei72Yueyang岳阳CNY 160bnHunan73Changde常德CNY 160bnHunan74Maoming茂名CNY 156bnGuangdong75Baoding保定CNY 150bnHebei76Hohhot呼和浩特CNY 149bnInner Mongolia77Zhuhai珠海CNY 148bnGuangdong78Zunyi遵义CNY 148bnGuizhou79Huzhou湖州CNY 146bnZhejiang80Lianyungang连云港CNY 145bnJiangsu81Zhanjiang湛江CNY 144bnGuangdong82Jiangmen江门CNY 143bnGuangdong83Suqian宿迁CNY 141bnJiangsu84Xuchang许昌CNY 141bnHenan85Binzhou滨州CNY 135bnShandong86Urumqi乌鲁木齐Not reported*Xinjiang87Lanzhou兰州CNY 134bnGansu88Baotou包头Not reported*Inner Mongolia89Ganzhou赣州CNY 133bnJiangxi90Zhoukou周口CNY 133bnHenan91Zaozhuang枣庄CNY 132bnShandong92Hengyang衡阳CNY 131bnHunan93Daqing大庆Not reported*Heilongjiang94Jiujiang九江CNY 130bnJiangxi95Zhuzhou株洲CNY 127bnHunan96Liuzhou柳州Not reported*Guangxi97Xinxiang新乡CNY 127bnHenan98Shantou汕头CNY 127bnGuangdong99Langfang廊坊Not reported*Hebei100Xinyang信阳CNY 121bnHenan

*GDP data for 2019 Q1-Q2 was unavailable for Changchun, Shenyang, Urumqi, Baotou, Daqing, Liuzhou and Langfang at the time the article was produced. Rankings for these cities are based on data from 2018 Q3-Q4, but unfortunately the actual GDP figure wasn't provided.

Chinese Provinces with the Most Top 100 Cities

One thing that this data highlights is the disparity of wealth between China's different provinces - a theme we have noted previously when looking at where Chinese companies are concentrated and where foreign companies do business.

The large and prosperous coastal provinces of Shandong, Jiangsu and Guangdong lead the way with the most number of top 100 cities.

Meanwhile, there are 4 Mainland China provinces without any city in the top 100. They are Qinghai, Tibet, Hainan and Ningxia.

ProvinceName in ChineseNumber of CitiesCities (Rank)Shandong山东省15Qingdao (12), Jinan (18), Yantai (21), Weifang (30), Zibo (40), Jining (42), Linyi (43), Tai'an (54), Dongying (57), Weihai (61), Dezhou (62), Liaocheng (68), Heze (69), Binzhou (85), Zaozhuang (91)Jiangsu江苏省13Suzhou (7), Nanjing (11), Wuxi (13), Nantong (19), Changzhou (24), Xuzhou (27), Yancheng (34), Yangzhou (35), Taizhou (37), Zhenjiang (49), Huai'an (56), Lianyungang (80), Suqian (83)Guangdong广东省11Shenzhen (3), Guangzhou (4), Foshan (17), Dongguan (20), Huizhou (51), Zhongshan (59), Maoming (74), Zhuhai (77), Zhanjiang (81), Jiangmen (82), Shantou (98)Zhejiang浙江省8Hangzhou (10), Ningbo (15), Wenzhou (33), Shaoxing (36), Jiaxing (45), Taizhou (48), Jinhua (50), Huzhou (79)Henan河南省7Zhengzhou (16), Luoyang (46), Nanyang (67), Xuchang (84), Zhoukou (90), Xinxiang (97), Xinyang (100)Hebei湖北省6Tangshan (29), Shijiazhuang (31), Cangzhou (64), Handan (71), Baoding (75), Langfang (99)Hunan湖南省5Changsha (14), Yueyang (72), Changde (73), Hengyang (92), Zhuzhou (95)Fujian福建省4Quanzhou (23), Fuzhou (28), Xiamen (47), Zhangzhou (66)Hubei湖北省3Wuhan (9) , Yichang (52), Xiangyang (53)Jiangxi江西省3Nanchang (41), Ganzhou (89), Jiujiang (94)Inner Mongolia内蒙古自治区3Ordos (55), Hohhot (76), Baotou (88)Shaanxi陕西省2Xi'an (22), Yulin (60)Anhui安徽省2Hefei (25), Wuhu (70)Liaoning辽宁省2Dalian (26), Shenyang (39)Heilongjiang黑龙江省2Harbin (38), Daqing (93)Guangxi广西壮族自治区2Nanning (63), Liuzhou (96)Guizhou贵州省2Guiyang (65), Zunyi (79)Sichuan四川省1Chengdu (8)Jilin吉林省1Changchun (32)Yunnan云南省1Kunming (44)Shanxi山西省1Taiyuan (58)Xinjiang新疆维吾尔自治区1Urumqi (86)Gansu甘肃省1Lanzhou (87)Shanghai Municipality上海市1Shanghai (1)Beijing Municipality北京市1Beijing (2)Tianjin Municipality天津市1Tianjin (5)Chongqing Municipality重庆市1Chongqing (6)


Further reading