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by Matt Slater
31 May 2016
As you’d expect for the world’s most populous nation, there are a huge number of Chinese companies. But where in China are they located? Are there certain provinces with high concentrations of companies?
In this article we find out which provinces have the highest and lowest number of companies, and see how this compares against their population figures.
By analyzing the number of companies per 1000 population we have identified the provinces with the highest concentration of Chinese companies.
We have previously identified the total number of companies in China but for this article collecting the necessary data for all of the provinces proved to be quite a challenge.
No central database of statistics could be found so we have based our figures mainly on reports emanating from each of the various provincial AIC branches. Data for Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan was more straightforward to identify and has been included.
A data table is provided at the end of this article including a description of the information source for the number of companies in each province.
Our calculations identified that the province with the highest concentration of Chinese companies is Hong Kong, with a huge 183 registered companies per 1000 people.
There are many reasons why Hong Kong has a very high number of company registrations, for example because it is rated very highly internationally for ease of doing business.
After that, we expected to see the major 1st Tier China municipalities of Shanghai and Beijing stand our prominently. Although both have a high concentration of companies, the ratios were not as high as we had expected – Zhejiang province actually has a higher number of companies per population than Shanghai!
It is not surprising to see that China’s provinces with the strongest economies all have a high concentration of companies – Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong all rank near the top.
Meanwhile, there are low concentrations of companies in China’s less developed areas inland provinces, most notably in Henan, Hunan, Gansu and Guangxi.
This chart identifies the number of companies per 1000 people in each province of China, in order of highest concentration to least.
Plotting these results on a map shows that the regions with the highest concentration of Chinese companies are the developed coastal provinces.
The northern provinces of Shandong, Liaoning, Jilin and Inner Mongolia also have fairly high concentrations, at least relative to the less developed inland provinces.
A full table of the data collected for this article is displayed below.
N.b. Population data is taken from China’s 2010 National Census.
Now we we know which provinces have a high concentration of companies, but do you want to know which provinces foreign companies do business in?
Hi there, I'm Matt, the Founder & CEO of China Checkup. Originally from the UK, I am now based in Brisbane, Australia.
Frustrated by the scarcity of concise, high-quality and timely information about Chinese companies, I setup China Checkup whilst living in Shanghai in 2013.
My team are proud that China Checkup's company verification reports have now helped thousands of clients from all corners of the world to do business in China more safely.
by Matt Slater
18 May 2020
This article takes a look at the 6 different China city types and the various levels of autonomy and power each type holds.
China has over 700 official cities, from the metropolises of Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong down to the smaller cities of Beihai, Shangrao and Qufu, but they are not all governed equally.
Read this guide if you want to understand the difference between China city types, including municipalities, prefecture-level cities, county-level cities and more.
by Matt Slater
30 January 2020
Launched by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, the decades long process of Chinese economic reform has transformed China beyond recognition.
This article highlights some of the most significant events during this period in the form of a year by year timeline.
by Matt Slater
09 January 2020
Listening to China business podcasts can be a great way to get insights on the Chinese market, pick up new knowledge and get fresh perspectives.
The great news is that there is actually a lot of great podcasts out there on this topic - and in this article I have chosen my current top ten.
These podcasts cover business in China from a range of angles - including tech startups, importing/sourcing, economics and more - so if you are interested in learning more about China business you are sure to find quality material here.
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