Opinions, knowledge and resources from China Checkup's expert contributors

In Which Provinces are Chinese Companies Concentrated?

by Matt Slater May 31, 2016

In Which Provinces are Chinese Companies Concentrated?

As you’d expect for the world’s most populous nation, there are a huge number of Chinese companies. But where in China are they located? Are there certain provinces with high concentrations of companies?

In this article we find out which provinces have the highest and lowest number of companies, and see how this compares against their population figures.

By analyzing the number of companies per 1000 population we have identified the provinces with the highest concentration of Chinese companies.

Counting Chinese Companies

We have previously identified the total number of companies in China but for this article collecting the necessary data for all of the provinces proved to be quite a challenge.

No central database of statistics could be found so we have based our figures mainly on reports emanating from each of the various provincial AIC branches. Data for Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan was more straight forward to identify and has been included.

A data table is provided at the end of this article including a description of the information source for the number of companies in each province.

Concentration of Chinese Companies Per Province

Our calculations identified that the region with the highest concentration of Chinese companies is Hong Kong, with a huge 183 registered companies per 1000 people.

There are many reasons why Hong Kong has a very high number of company registrations, for example because it is rated very highly internationally for ease of doing business.

After that, we expected to see the major 1st Tier China municipalities of Shanghai and Beijing stand our prominently. Although both have a high concentration of companies, the ratios were not as high as we had expected – Zhejiang province actually has a higher number of companies per population than Shanghai!

It is not surprising to see that China’s provinces with the strongest economies all have a high concentration of companies – Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong all rank near the top.

Meanwhile, there are low concentrations of companies in China’s less developed areas inland provinces, most notably in Henan, Hunan, Gansu and Guangxi.

Table of the Concentration of Chinese Companies per Province

This chart identifies the number of companies per 1000 people in each province or region of China, in order of highest concentration to least.

Province Companies /1000 Pop. Province Companies /1000 Pop. Province Companies /1000 Pop.
Hong Kong 183 Jilin 64 Shanxi 48
Macao 98 Liaoning 62 Jiangxi 47
Beijing 95 Guizhou 56 Hebei 47
Zhejiang 87 Tianjin 55 Ningxia 47
Shanghai 83 Shaanxi 53 Xinjiang 47
Jiangsu 78 Qinghai 53 Heilongjiang 45
Guangdong 76 Yunnan 52 Guangxi 45
Hubei 72 Sichuan 51 Gansu 43
Hainan 70 Tibet 51 Hunan 39
Chongqing 67 Fujian 48 Henan 38
Inner Mongolia 67 Anhui 48 Taiwan 28
Shandong 65

Concentration of Chinese Companies Mapped

Plotting these results on a map shows that the regions with the highest concentration of Chinese companies are the developed coastal provinces.

The northern provinces of Shandong, Liaoning, Jilin and Inner Mongolia also have fairly high concentrations, at least relative to the less developed inland provinces.

 

Note: zooming in on the map reveals the names of each province.

Chinese Companies per Province Data Table

A full table of the data collected for this article is displayed below.

Province / Region Companies (per 1,000 people) Population No. of Companies Information Source
Anhui 47.80 59500510 2844200 News report from MOFCOM, Apr 2016
Beijing 94.84 19612368 1860000 News report from Beijing government press conference, Feb 2016
Chongqing 67.18 28846170 1937900 Chongqing AIC statistics, Jan 2016
Fujian 47.66 36894216 1758310 Fujian AIC statistics, July 2014
Gansu 43.48 25575254 1112000 News report from Gansu Daily Newspaper, Jan 2015
Guangdong 76.49 104303132 7977800 Guangdong AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Guangxi 45.28 46026629 2084000 News report from Guangxi Daily Newspaper, Jan 2016
Guizhou 56.26 34746468 1955000 News report from Guizhou AIC, Apr 2016
Hainan 69.88 8671518 606005 Hainan AIC statistics, Feb 2015
Hebei 46.90 71854202 3370100 News report from Hebei AIC, Apr 2016
Heilongjiang 44.61 38312224 1709000 News report from Heilongjiang AIC, July 2014
Henan 38.01 94023567 3573600 News report from Henan AIC, Jan 2016
Hong Kong 183.16 7061200 1293295 Hong Kong Company Registry statistics, Mar 2016
Hubei 72.12 57237740 4127800 News report from Hubei AIC, Jan 2016
Hunan 39.34 65683722 2583700 News report from Hunan Daily Newspaper, Jan 2016
Inner Mongolia 67.37 24706321 1664400 News report from Inner Mongolia government, Jan 2016
Jiangsu 77.95 78659903 6131600 Jiangsu AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Jiangxi 46.67 44567475 2080100 News report from Jiangxi government press conference, Jun 2015
Jilin 63.92 27462297 1755400 Jilin AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Liaoning 62.45 43746323 2732000 News report from Liaoning AIC, May 2016
Macau 97.77 552300 54000 Macau govrnment statistics, May 2016
Ningxia 46.95 6176900 290000 News report from Ningxia News, Sep 2013
Qinghai 53.03 5626722 298400 Qinghai AIC statistics, Jan 2016
Shaanxi 52.51 37327378 1960200 News report from Shanxi government press conference, Mar 2016
Shandong 64.53 95793065 6182000 News report from Shandong government press conference, Mar 2016
Shanghai 83.19 23019148 1914900 Shanghai AIC statistics, Feb 2016
Shanxi 48.39 35712111 1727997 Shanxi AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Sichuan 50.73 80418200 4079400 Sichuan AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Taiwan 28.11 23499404 660643 Taiwan's Department of Commerce, Mar 2016
Tianjin 54.55 12938224 705800 Tianjin AIC statistics, Jan 2016
Tibet 51.36 3002166 154200 News report from Tibet government press conference, Jan 2016
Xinjiang 47.31 21813334 1032000 News report from Xinjiang AIC, Jul 2015
Yunnan 52.39 45966239 2408300 News report from Yunnan AIC, Apr 2016
Zhejiang 86.54 54426891 4710000 News report from Zhejiang AIC, Jan 2016

N.b. Population data is taken from China’s 2010 National Census.




Matt Slater
Matt Slater

Author

Hi there, I'm Matt, the founder of China Checkup. Originally from the UK, I am now based in Brisbane, Australia.

Frustrated by the scarcity of concise, high-quality and timely information about Chinese companies, I setup China Checkup whilst living in Shanghai in 2013.

My team are proud that China Checkup's company verification reports have now helped thousands of clients from all corners of the world to do business in China more safely.

  

 


Related Articles

  • 7 China Risk Management Techniques to Protect Your Supply Chain
    7 China Risk Management Techniques to Protect Your Supply Chain

    For multinational companies operating in China risk management is a subject never too far from the boardroom table. Many foreign companies have come unstuck assuming that the checks and balances they have in place in ...

  • Hong Kong Certificate of Incorporation - An Introduction
    Hong Kong Certificate of Incorporation - An Introduction

    A Hong Kong certificate of incorporation is a document issued to limited liability companies upon registration by the Hong Kong Companies Registry. Most Hong Kong businesses will possess this certificate and you shoul...

  • The 10 Biggest China Metro Systems
    The 10 Biggest China Metro Systems

    During the last decade there has been incredible growth in China metro systems, with cities across the country investing huge sums on improving their transit infrastructure. This remarkable transformation has resulte...



  • Also in Safer, Better Business in China

    List of China High-Tech Zones
    List of China High-Tech Zones

    by Matt Slater July 12, 2018

    The first China high-tech zone was established in Beijing in 1988 at Zhongguancun Science Park.

    Since then the number of national-level high-tech zones has increased rapidly and there are currently 169 zones located in 31 provinces.

    As well as giving an overview, in this article we list and provide details of these China high-tech zones, including their focus industries and official websites.

    Continue Reading

    What Information is Available from a Chinese Annual Return?
    What Information is Available from a Chinese Annual Return?

    by Matt Slater July 06, 2018

    Viewing information declared on a Chinese annual return is a useful method to learn more about a company from China.

    As in other countries, Chinese companies are required to make an annual return to the tax authorities to report their business performance and financials, alongside other key details.

    In this article we look at what information from a Chinese annual return is made publicly available by the authorities.

    Continue Reading

    Taiwan Company Registration Form - An Introduction
    Taiwan Company Registration Form - An Introduction

    by Matt Slater June 27, 2018

    The Taiwan company registration form is a document completed during the application process for registering a new Taiwanese company.

    If the application process is approved, authorities stamp this form and issue the company with a registration number.

    When dealing with Taiwanese companies, requesting & verifying a copy of their Taiwan company registration form is a useful step to ensure that they are a legitimate business.

    Continue Reading