COVID-19: We are operating business as normal and stand ready to assist with your Chinese company verification needs.


Safer, Better Business in China

Opinions, knowledge and resources from China Checkup's expert contributors


Chinese Companies Concentrated

In Which Provinces are Chinese Companies Concentrated?

by Matt Slater 31 May 2016

As you’d expect for the world’s most populous nation, there are a huge number of Chinese companies. But where in China are they located? Are there certain provinces with high concentrations of companies?

In this article we find out which provinces have the highest and lowest number of companies, and see how this compares against their population figures.

By analyzing the number of companies per 1000 population we have identified the provinces with the highest concentration of Chinese companies.

Counting Chinese Companies

We have previously identified the total number of companies in China but for this article collecting the necessary data for all of the provinces proved to be quite a challenge.

No central database of statistics could be found so we have based our figures mainly on reports emanating from each of the various provincial AIC branches. Data for Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan was more straightforward to identify and has been included.

A data table is provided at the end of this article including a description of the information source for the number of companies in each province.

Concentration of Chinese Companies Per Province

Our calculations identified that the province with the highest concentration of Chinese companies is Hong Kong, with a huge 183 registered companies per 1000 people.

There are many reasons why Hong Kong has a very high number of company registrations, for example because it is rated very highly internationally for ease of doing business.

After that, we expected to see the major 1st Tier China municipalities of Shanghai and Beijing stand our prominently. Although both have a high concentration of companies, the ratios were not as high as we had expected – Zhejiang province actually has a higher number of companies per population than Shanghai!

It is not surprising to see that China’s provinces with the strongest economies all have a high concentration of companies – Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong all rank near the top.

Meanwhile, there are low concentrations of companies in China’s less developed areas inland provinces, most notably in Henan, Hunan, Gansu and Guangxi.

Table of the Concentration of Chinese Companies per Province

This chart identifies the number of companies per 1000 people in each province of China, in order of highest concentration to least.

Province 中文 Companies /1000 Pop.
Hong Kong 香港 183
Macao 澳门 98
Beijing 北京 95
Zhejiang 浙江 87
Shanghai 上海 83
Jiangsu 江苏 78
Guangdong 广东 76
Hubei 湖北 72
Hainan 海南 70
Chongqing 重庆 67
Inner Mongolia 内蒙古 67
Shandong 山东 65
Jilin 吉林 64
Liaoning 辽宁 62
Guizhou 贵州 56
Tianjin 天津 55
Shaanxi 陕西 53
Qinghai 青海 53
Yunnan 云南 52
Sichuan 四川 51
Tibet 西藏 51
Fujian 福建 48
Anhui 安徽 48
Shanxi 山西 48
Jiangxi 江西 47
Hebei 河北 47
Ningxia 宁夏 47
Xinjiang 新疆 47
Heilongjiang 黑龙江 45
Guangxi 广西 45
Gansu 甘肃 43
Hunan 湖南 39
Henan 河南 38
Taiwan 台湾 28

Concentration of Chinese Companies Mapped

Plotting these results on a map shows that the regions with the highest concentration of Chinese companies are the developed coastal provinces.

The northern provinces of Shandong, Liaoning, Jilin and Inner Mongolia also have fairly high concentrations, at least relative to the less developed inland provinces.

Chinese Companies per Province Data Table

A full table of the data collected for this article is displayed below.

Province Companies (per 1,000 people) Population No. of Companies Information Source
Anhui 47.80 59500510 2844200 News report from MOFCOM, Apr 2016
Beijing 94.84 19612368 1860000 News report from Beijing government press conference, Feb 2016
Chongqing 67.18 28846170 1937900 Chongqing AIC statistics, Jan 2016
Fujian 47.66 36894216 1758310 Fujian AIC statistics, July 2014
Gansu 43.48 25575254 1112000 News report from Gansu Daily Newspaper, Jan 2015
Guangdong 76.49 104303132 7977800 Guangdong AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Guangxi 45.28 46026629 2084000 News report from Guangxi Daily Newspaper, Jan 2016
Guizhou 56.26 34746468 1955000 News report from Guizhou AIC, Apr 2016
Hainan 69.88 8671518 606005 Hainan AIC statistics, Feb 2015
Hebei 46.90 71854202 3370100 News report from Hebei AIC, Apr 2016
Heilongjiang 44.61 38312224 1709000 News report from Heilongjiang AIC, July 2014
Henan 38.01 94023567 3573600 News report from Henan AIC, Jan 2016
Hong Kong 183.16 7061200 1293295 Hong Kong Company Registry statistics, Mar 2016
Hubei 72.12 57237740 4127800 News report from Hubei AIC, Jan 2016
Hunan 39.34 65683722 2583700 News report from Hunan Daily Newspaper, Jan 2016
Inner Mongolia 67.37 24706321 1664400 News report from Inner Mongolia government, Jan 2016
Jiangsu 77.95 78659903 6131600 Jiangsu AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Jiangxi 46.67 44567475 2080100 News report from Jiangxi government press conference, Jun 2015
Jilin 63.92 27462297 1755400 Jilin AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Liaoning 62.45 43746323 2732000 News report from Liaoning AIC, May 2016
Macau 97.77 552300 54000 Macau govrnment statistics, May 2016
Ningxia 46.95 6176900 290000 News report from Ningxia News, Sep 2013
Qinghai 53.03 5626722 298400 Qinghai AIC statistics, Jan 2016
Shaanxi 52.51 37327378 1960200 News report from Shanxi government press conference, Mar 2016
Shandong 64.53 95793065 6182000 News report from Shandong government press conference, Mar 2016
Shanghai 83.19 23019148 1914900 Shanghai AIC statistics, Feb 2016
Shanxi 48.39 35712111 1727997 Shanxi AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Sichuan 50.73 80418200 4079400 Sichuan AIC statistics, Apr 2016
Taiwan 28.11 23499404 660643 Taiwan's Department of Commerce, Mar 2016
Tianjin 54.55 12938224 705800 Tianjin AIC statistics, Jan 2016
Tibet 51.36 3002166 154200 News report from Tibet government press conference, Jan 2016
Xinjiang 47.31 21813334 1032000 News report from Xinjiang AIC, Jul 2015
Yunnan 52.39 45966239 2408300 News report from Yunnan AIC, Apr 2016
Zhejiang 86.54 54426891 4710000 News report from Zhejiang AIC, Jan 2016

N.b. Population data is taken from China’s 2010 National Census.

Now we we know which provinces have a high concentration of companies, but do you want to know which provinces foreign companies do business in?




Matt Slater
Matt Slater

Author

Hi there, I'm Matt, the Founder & CEO of China Checkup. Originally from the UK, I am now based in Brisbane, Australia.

Frustrated by the scarcity of concise, high-quality and timely information about Chinese companies, I setup China Checkup whilst living in Shanghai in 2013.

My team are proud that China Checkup's company verification reports have now helped thousands of clients from all corners of the world to do business in China more safely.

  



View These Related Articles

The Top 10 China Business Podcasts
The Top 10 China Business Podcasts
Listening to China business podcasts can be a great way to get insights on the Chinese market, pick up new knowledge and get fresh perspectives. The great news is that there is actually a lot of great podcasts out there
Continue Reading
List of 100+ Informative China News Websites
List of 100+ Informative China News Websites
This article identifies over one hundred of the most informative English-language China news websites.  By regularly sharing news from China on our social media channels we have identified many good sources and thought i
Continue Reading
The 100 Largest China City Economies by GDP
The 100 Largest China City Economies by GDP
Do you want to know which China city economies are the driving force behind Mainland China's huge and growing GDP figures? As China's best-known cities, it came as no surprise that 2019 data popular in Chinese media iden
Continue Reading

Also in Safer, Better Business in China

What are the 6 Different China City Types?
What are the 6 Different China City Types?

by Matt Slater 18 May 2020

This article takes a look at the 6 different China city types and the various levels of autonomy and power each type holds.

China has over 700 official cities, from the metropolises of Beijing, Shanghai and Hong Kong down to the smaller cities of Beihai, Shangrao and Qufu, but they are not all governed equally.

Read this guide if you want to understand the difference between China city types, including municipalities, prefecture-level cities, county-level cities and more.

Continue Reading

Chinese Economic Reform - Timeline of Key Events
Chinese Economic Reform - Timeline of Key Events

by Matt Slater 30 January 2020

Launched by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, the decades long process of Chinese economic reform has transformed China beyond recognition.

This article highlights some of the most significant events during this period in the form of a year by year timeline.

Continue Reading

China Business Podcasts
The Top 10 China Business Podcasts

by Matt Slater 09 January 2020

Listening to China business podcasts can be a great way to get insights on the Chinese market, pick up new knowledge and get fresh perspectives.

The great news is that there is actually a lot of great podcasts out there on this topic - and in this article I have chosen my current top ten.

These podcasts cover business in China from a range of angles - including tech startups, importing/sourcing, economics and more - so if you are interested in learning more about China business you are sure to find quality material here.

Continue Reading