Opinions, knowledge and resources from China Checkup's expert contributors
If you have done business with a Chinese company there is a good chance that their staff have provided you with a scan or photo of their China ID Card.
This ID Card, also known as the Resident Identity Card, is compulsory for all Chinese citizens and contains much information about the holder.
Each China ID Card has a unique 18-digit Citizen Identity Number and knowing this number alone can tell you the holder's date of birth, place of birth and gender.
The official name of the China ID Card is displayed on the front of each card in large Chinese characters:
Having an ID Card is compulsory for all citizens of Mainland China and most Chinese carry their card on their person most of the time.
The China ID Card is the size of a regular credit card, is of a standard design and contains important information on both sides.
Here is a sample of the front of a China ID Card:
Here is the back of the China ID Card, which usually contains a color photo of the individual on the right-hand side:
The following details are each displayed on the China ID Card:
All Chinese citizens are issued with a unique 18-digit Citizen Identity Number which stays with them for their whole life.
This national identification code follows a set pattern from which some basic information can be determined, such as their place and date of birth.
Here is a breakdown of how the number is created:
|Address Code||Date of Birth Code||Order Code||Checksum|
The address code pinpoints to a specific administrative division (in most cases a district or county) where a Chinese citizen was born.
The first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number represents the province, the next 2 digits the city and the final 2 digits the district or county.
There are nearly 3000 different address codes so it wouldn't be practical to list them all here, but here are the province codes (i.e. the first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number) for each region of China:
North China (华北)
North East China (东北)
East China (华东)
Central China (华中)
South China (华南)
South West China (西南)
North West China (西北)
Even if a Chinese citizen changes their hukou (household registration) to a different province, their citizen identity number doesn't change.
An interesting example of this is that older citizens of Chongqing have ID numbers beginning with 51 rather than 50, as Chongqing was carved out of Sichuan in 1997 to create a new province.
These 8 digits are simply the individual's date of birth in the format Year, Month, Day.
Interestingly with this 3-digit number, odd number are issued to males and even numbers to females. No other discernible information is revealed.
This digit is simply a check that the Citizen Identity Number is valid.
This website claims to generate valid China ID Card numbers and can also be used to identify all of the address codes.
Did you know that there are 7 different regions of China which are often cited in official sources when describing China's geography, climate, economy and governance?
Each of these regions are comprised of several Chinese provinces which are in close proximity and share certain geographical and cultural similarities.
Keep reading to view a map and learn more about the 7 regions of China.
Foreign companies are doing business in China for a wide range of different reasons - including importing, exporting, setting up joint ventures, investing, developing new markets, developing new partnerships & more - but in which Chinese provinces are these efforts focused?
Is most business done in China's gateway municipalities of Shanghai and Beijing, or do foreign companies flock to the manufacturing powerhouse provinces of Guangdong and Zhejiang?
Read this article to learn what are, according to our research, the 9 China provinces where foreign companies do business the most.
Here we introduce some Chinese business gifts which are commonly presented to customers, guests and employees by companies in China.
Like elsewhere in the world, giving gifts is a good way of communicating and to build relationships, but the traditions in China are likely to be a bit different to in your country.
Exchanging gifts is an important part of Chinese business culture and giving the wrong gift can lead to embarrassment and misunderstandings, so we have covered some of the Chinese business gifts to avoid in this article too.