Opinions, knowledge and resources from China Checkup's expert contributors
If you have done business with a Chinese company there is a good chance that their staff have provided you with a scan or photo of their China ID Card.
This ID Card, also known as the Resident Identity Card, is compulsory for all Chinese citizens and contains much information about the holder.
Each China ID Card has a unique 18-digit Citizen Identity Number and knowing this number alone can tell you the holder's date of birth, place of birth and gender.
The official name of the China ID Card is displayed on the front of each card in large Chinese characters:
Having an ID Card is compulsory for all citizens of Mainland China and most Chinese carry their card on their person most of the time.
The China ID Card is the size of a regular credit card, is of a standard design and contains important information on both sides.
Here is a sample of the front of a China ID Card:
Here is the back of the China ID Card, which usually contains a color photo of the individual on the right-hand side:
The following details are each displayed on the China ID Card:
All Chinese citizens are issued with a unique 18-digit Citizen Identity Number which stays with them for their whole life.
This national identification code follows a set pattern from which some basic information can be determined, such as their place and date of birth.
Here is a breakdown of how the number is created:
|Address Code||Date of Birth Code||Order Code||Checksum|
The address code pinpoints to a specific administrative division (in most cases a district or county) where a Chinese citizen was born.
The first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number represents the province, the next 2 digits the city and the final 2 digits the district or county.
There are nearly 3000 different address codes so it wouldn't be practical to list them all here, but here are the province codes (i.e. the first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number) for each region of China:
North China (华北)
North East China (东北)
East China (华东)
Central China (华中)
South China (华南)
South West China (西南)
North West China (西北)
Even if a Chinese citizen changes their hukou (household registration) to a different province, their citizen identity number doesn't change.
An interesting example of this is that older citizens of Chongqing have ID numbers beginning with 51 rather than 50, as Chongqing was carved out of Sichuan in 1997 to create a new province.
These 8 digits are simply the individual's date of birth in the format Year, Month, Day.
Interestingly with this 3-digit number, odd number are issued to males and even numbers to females. No other discernible information is revealed.
This digit is simply a check that the Citizen Identity Number is valid.
This website claims to generate valid China ID Card numbers and can also be used to identify all of the address codes.
Visit any Chinese city these days and you are bound to see rows and rows of brightly colored shared bicycles - they are the most visible of the many China sharing services.
Whilst shared bicycles might be the most well known, they are far from the only popular shared service in China though.
Keep reading to learn more about how shared bicycles and some of the other popular China sharing services work, including battery packs, sports equipment and cars!
Have you received a China ISO 45001 certificate and wondered what it is, if it is real and how to check it?
Replacing the previous standard OHSAS 18001 in 2018, this new international standard specifies the requirements for occupational health and safety.
The uptake of certification to this standard in China has been quick and many Chinese organizations are providing their clients with copies of their China ISO 45001 certificate. Learn more about it here.
Whether you are planning a trip to China, researching a specific location, or trying to figure out how bad the Beijing rush hour is, there are plenty of good reasons to use China map websites.
Although most international map websites cover China, these websites face various restrictions which mean they can't provide a service as in-depth as their Chinese counterparts, so it is a good idea to know your options.
In this article we introduce the 8 most useful China map websites, including both international services available in your language, and some impressive domestic websites only available in Chinese.