Opinions, knowledge and resources from China Checkup's expert contributors
If you have done business with a Chinese company there is a good chance that their staff have provided you with a scan or photo of their China ID Card.
This ID Card, also known as the Resident Identity Card, is compulsory for all Chinese citizens and contains much information about the holder.
Each China ID Card has a unique 18-digit Citizen Identity Number and knowing this number alone can tell you the holder's date of birth, place of birth and gender.
The official name of the China ID Card is displayed on the front of each card in large Chinese characters:
Having an ID Card is compulsory for all citizens of Mainland China and most Chinese carry their card on their person most of the time.
The China ID Card is the size of a regular credit card, is of a standard design and contains important information on both sides.
Here is a sample of the front of a China ID Card:
Here is the back of the China ID Card, which usually contains a color photo of the individual on the right-hand side:
The following details are each displayed on the China ID Card:
All Chinese citizens are issued with a unique 18-digit Citizen Identity Number which stays with them for their whole life.
This national identification code follows a set pattern from which some basic information can be determined, such as their place and date of birth.
Here is a breakdown of how the number is created:
|Address Code||Date of Birth Code||Order Code||Checksum|
The address code pinpoints to a specific administrative division (in most cases a district or county) where a Chinese citizen was born.
The first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number represents the province, the next 2 digits the city and the final 2 digits the district or county.
There are nearly 3000 different address codes so it wouldn't be practical to list them all here, but here are the province codes (i.e. the first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number) for each region of China:
North China (华北)
North East China (东北)
East China (华东)
Central China (华中)
South China (华南)
South West China (西南)
North West China (西北)
Even if a Chinese citizen changes their hukou (household registration) to a different province, their citizen identity number doesn't change.
An interesting example of this is that older citizens of Chongqing have ID numbers beginning with 51 rather than 50, as Chongqing was carved out of Sichuan in 1997 to create a new province.
These 8 digits are simply the individual's date of birth in the format Year, Month, Day.
Interestingly with this 3-digit number, odd number are issued to males and even numbers to females. No other discernible information is revealed.
This digit is simply a check that the Citizen Identity Number is valid.
This website claims to generate valid China ID Card numbers and can also be used to identify all of the address codes.
This glossary identifies the different Chinese company registration status terms that appear on official Mainland China company records.
If you are trying to find out if a Chinese company's registration has been revoked, cancelled or rescinded we hope the terms in this glossary will be useful to you.
Keep reading to find out about the various Chinese terms used to describe a company's registration status and get our English translations.
One of the most common ways to pay a Chinese supplier is to make a China T/T Payment, but it is not a method that comes without risk.
We regularly see cases where Chinese suppliers request payments to individual accounts, third parties, offshore accounts and offshore entities, rather than to their own Mainland Chinese corporate bank accounts.
Before sending a China T/T payment, pause and take a moment to make these 4 simple checks - they will help you ensure your payment is really going to the correct Mainland China entity.
In recent years freight trains from China have been capturing newspaper headlines by arriving in more and more countries.
Perhaps there is no more striking example of this then when the first China to Spain cargo train returned to Yiwu having covered a world record 16,156-mile round trip in 2015.
Read this article to learn about China's push for international rail cargo and find our which countries have already received freight trains from China.