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With China stock exchanges occupying 3 places amongst the world's top 8 it is no wonder the world is noticing China's economic might.
Stop to consider for a moment that the Chinese cities of Shanghai and Shenzhen are each home to stock exchanges with market caps rivalling Europe's biggest.
In addition to these 2 Mainland China stock exchanges, this article also covers the Chinese stock exchanges operating in Hong Kong and Taipei.
There are two stock exchanges in mainland China but neither are based in the capital of China, Beijing.
Wisely keeping business and politics separate, these stock exchanges are located in two of China's other Tier 1 cities - the metroploises of Shanghai & Shenzhen.
Here are some details on each:
Located among Shanghai's famous skyscrapers in the district of Pudong, as shown in the photo above, the Shanghai Stock Exchange is China's largest stock exchange and the 4th largest in the world overall.
When the Shenzhen Stock Exchange opened in 1991 Shenzhen was a relatively small city of 2 million inhabitants. Since then the city's population has grown to more than 12 million and is home to many famous Chinese tech companies including Tencent and Huawei.
In addition to the two stock exchanges in Mainland China, there are two other Chinese cities which have well established and successful stock exchanges.
These are located in Hong Kong and in the capital city of Taiwan, Taipei.
Once home to 4 separate stock exchanges, a unified Hong Kong stock exchange was launched in 1986. Approximately half of the companies listed in Hong Kong are actually Mainland China companies, including an increasing number of tech companies.
Situated in the Taiwanese capital of Taipei, the Taiwan Stock Exchange operates from what used to be the world's tallest building - the Taipei 101. Although it is the smallest of the Chinese stock exchanges, their currently ranking of 17th worldwide is actually quite impressive for an island of just 24 million residents.
The below map shows the relative position of each of the stock exchanges covered in this article.
The 2 blue markers represent the Mainland China stock exchanges of Shanghai and Shenzhen. The red marker identifies Hong Kong and the green marker Taipei.
If you are looking for data on China stock exchanges, we found the following websites useful whilst researching this article:
The data used in this article was taken from the above websites in November 2018.
Although not technically a stock exchange it would be remiss of us to not mention the market that is commonly referred to as Mainland China's "new third board" - the "National Equities Exchange and Quotations".
The purpose of this market was succinctly explained in this Xinhua article as follows:
The exchange was launched in early 2013 to supplement the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchanges to serve small and medium-sized enterprises. It is seen as an easier financing channel for small businesses, with low costs and simple listing procedures.
Located in Beijing, the National Equities Exchange and Quotations (NEEQ) is an over-the-counter (OTC) trading market for small and medium size enterprises (SMEs)
Do you want to know which China city economies are the driving force behind Mainland China's huge and growing GDP figures?
As China's best-known cities, it came as no surprise that 2019 data popular in Chinese media identified Shanghai and Beijing as the cities with the largest GDP, but few will even have heard of Xinyang, which was ranked 100th.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, China's national GDP reached a new high of CNY 90,031bn (USD 13,608) in 2018, but which other Chinese cities had the largest share of this GDP? Keep reading to find out.
Visit any Chinese city these days and you are bound to see rows and rows of brightly colored shared bicycles - they are the most visible of the many China sharing services.
Whilst shared bicycles might be the most well known, they are far from the only popular shared service in China though.
Keep reading to learn more about how shared bicycles and some of the other popular China sharing services work, including battery packs, sports equipment and cars!
Have you received a China ISO 45001 certificate and wondered what it is, if it is real and how to check it?
Replacing the previous standard OHSAS 18001 in 2018, this new international standard specifies the requirements for occupational health and safety.
The uptake of certification to this standard in China has been quick and many Chinese organizations are providing their clients with copies of their China ISO 45001 certificate. Learn more about it here.